Foster Gamble—a researcher and theorist in Unified Physics, globally renowned for the documentaries Thrive: What on Earth Will It Take? (2011), Thrive II: This is What it Takes (2020) and The Song That Calls You Home (2020)—discusses the latest remarkable paper by physicists Nassim Haramein, Dr. Olivier Alirol, and Dr. Cyprien Guermonprez in his article The Quest for a Unified Field Theory—Fulfilled? In Gamble’s article, he poses the profoundly important question “has Nassim Haramein discovered the long-sought Unified Field Theory?”.

Unified Field Theory in physics is a theoretical framework that seeks to explain the fundamental forces of nature within a single, overarching mathematical model. The goal is to unify the four fundamental forces of the Standard Model of particle physics into a single, coherent framework. In classical physics the four fundamental forces are categorized as:

**Gravity:**Described by Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity.**Electromagnetism:**Described by Maxwell’s classical electromagnetism and quantum electrodynamics (QED).**Weak Nuclear Force:**Responsible for processes like beta decay and described by electroweak theory.**Strong Nuclear Force:**Invented*ad hoc*and detailed in a theory called quantum chromodynamics (QCD), which regards the behavior of so-called quarks and gluons within atomic nuclei.

Each of these forces has its own mathematical formulation and set of principles, and they are successful in describing various phenomena within their respective domains. However, it should be possible to unify the formulation of these forces into a single mathematical framework, even a single equation from which the behavior of an object interacting with any of the four forces can be described. What’s more, there are compelling reasons, both theoretical and empirical, to believe that these seemingly disparate forces are in fact different facets of a single force. For example, electricity and magnetism were once thought to be separate forces, but we know now that they are a single force, electromagnetism. The so-called weak nuclear force was similarly shown to be a form of electromagnetic interaction, and both are now referred to under the singular title *the electroweak force*, and it is posited that at high (unification) energy the so-called strong force merges with the electroweak force resulting in one “electronuclear interaction” (it is known that all forces *apart from gravitation* are related mathematically, albeit with some differences in phenomena). So, it is logical to contend that this trend will continue, and we will discover that there is a unification of all forces, often referred to as a theory of everything, that will encompass a Unified Field Theory.

The most well-known attempt at a Unified Field Theory was Einstein’s efforts to combine gravity and electromagnetism. However, his labor was not successful, and even with contemporary attempts like supersymmetry and string theory no widely accepted Unified Field Theory has been established to date. This, however, may be about to change, as the paper The Origin of Mass and the Nature of Gravity—available to download for free on the CERN preprint server Zenodo, by Haramein, Guermonprez, and Alirol—elucidates the unified physical mechanism, *Planck plasma flow*, that describes how the strong force and gravity are unified and emerge from the correlation functions of quantum electromagnetic vacuum energy density. Although quantum electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations might sound complex and like a recent discovery, it is the result of the discoveries made by the father of quantum mechanics over a hundred years ago, Max Planck, who demonstrated that the electromagnetic field of an oscillator has an infinite amount of energy when cooled down to absolute zero, or zero Kelvin. He coined this discovery *zero-point energy *(ZPE).

## Nassim Haramein: Physicist, Inventor, Maverick

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```*It seems this radical thinking young man [Nassim Haramein] may have completed… Einstein’s efforts and provided the geometric concepts and the accompanying math to finally unify the so-called separate forces.*

*Foster Gamble.*

To understand how someone could take on such an audacious endeavor as unifying physics, one must understand the character of Nassim Haramein. Haramein is an individual who does not shy away from challenges, he faces them head-on. Foster Gamble illustrates this knack for the bold-and-daring by recounting Nassim’s love for sports and “performing at the edge” as an elite level competitive skier, world-class rockface free climber, and other hobbies over the years that many would consider extreme: deep free diving (without a tank), racing motorcycles, and surfing monster waves in Hawaii. In a sense, Nassim took this same love for challenge and adventure to his career—of course with a reverence and respect for the foundation that had been laid by brilliant thinkers like Newton, Maxwell, Planck, and Einstein—investigating and eventually leading the theoretical development of physics.

So, it is fair to say that Nassim is a bit of a maverick, and as it were, such a trait is not entirely endearing within the halls of academia where challenges to established theories are often met with derision and invectiveness. Yet arguably a maverick is exactly what physics needs to get outside of the standard views that in almost 80 years have made little-to-no-progress in developing a consistent understanding and explanation for the source and origin of mass, forces, and the constants of nature. In terms of recent successes, experiments for supersymmetry or dark matter have all come up null, and string theory is not directly testable (there are ~10^{500} possible compactification solutions, each one describing a different resulting universe). There is the 2012 excitement around the detection of a signal at the Large Hadron Collider attributed to the Higgs boson, which can be interpreted as a success for the Higgs mechanism of the Standard Model, but that only accounts for 1% of the baryonic mass, which is only 5% of the total mass-energy of the universe, which means that the Standard Model and Standard Cosmology can only explain about 0.05% of mass in the universe… some might argue, that is not success! Comparatively, in their latest study *The Origin of Mass and the Nature of *Gravity, Haramein and his research team account for 100% of baryonic mass and all the mass-energy of the universe, without positing dark energy or dark matter.

Since Nassim is an autodidact and did not follow the traditional path of a physicist, not unlike many others in the history of science (Faraday, Heaviside, Feynman, etc.), the physics community is prone to view him as an outsider, and in a field where appeals to authority have apparently begun to supplant open inquiry, the absence of an affiliation or a diploma from one or another university have been an often used criticism to discount his theories *prima facie *without according his work the critical review and evaluation that more traditional sources receive as a matter of course. It is tempting to see such irrelevant and specious dismissals—and often direct *ad hominem *attacks—as revealing an inability by the academic establishment to find fundamental errors in his models, hence Gamble’s statement “I have seen him ridiculed and shunned by the traditional academic world, but I’ve just never seen him proven wrong”.

As Foster Gamble explains, neither he nor Nassim are new to the challenges that come with bringing bold new theories to the world, as they have been discussing their ideas with the traditional academic community for over 25 years. In his article, Gamble recounts when he invited Nassim to present at the Sequoia Symposium on Unification (around 25 years ago) with traditional university professors and academics, who then, as now, were not entirely open to new ideas. However, in those 25 years we have seen the mainstream approach converge more and more with Haramein’s (as his many predictions, like supermassive black holes being at the center of every galaxy, to give one example, have been verified one after the other) and his research team’s latest paper, laying the foundation for unification, is poised to become the vanguard of what will soon be the mainstream approach.

## Unification of Forces from Vacuum Fluctuations

In Haramein’s *et al.* recently posted research paper it is demonstrated that not only do the strong force and gravity arise from a singular energy density gradient in the quantum electromagnetic field (ZPE) resulting in a hydrodynamic pressure gradient—producing the atomic forces and linking them to gravity—but as well, that these quantum fluctuations are directly responsible for the mass of particles, which makes up our reality. This hydrodynamic collective flow—described as a *Planck plasma flow* in the manuscript—comprised of fundamental spacetime pixels of encapsulated electromagnetic energy, results in a Yukawa-like reduction in force along the gradient, going from the Planck density at the core region within the Compton radius of the proton (which obeys the condition of a black hole), to the charge radius of the proton where the force is equal to the measured value of the confining force of the proton (the color force) and beyond where the force is equivalent to the measured value of the residual strong force and eventually the Newtonian gravitational force (Figure 1).

**Figure 1**. **(a) **schematic representation of the proton internal structure depicting the screening processes producing the rest-mass from the quantum vacuum fluctuation energy density (ZPE), which is associated with two screening horizons: the first screening horizon at the Compton wavelength of the proton (λ_{p}) and the second screening at the proton charge radius (r_{p}), resulting in an energy density gradient from the Planck density (ρ_{vac}) to the rest-mass energy density of the proton. Image** (b) **gives a visualization of this energy density gradient resulting in a pressure gradient, where the Planck force associated with the ZPE core energy density ρ_{vac} is screened at the two horizons, the reduced Compton wavelength of the proton λ_{p} and proton charge radius r_{p}, and out to 2.6 times the proton radius where the Planck force, the color confinement force and the residual strong force respectively occur. Beyond the 2.6 proton radius distance the Yukawa-like reduction in the Planck force ends in the typical measured value of a Newtonian gravitational force with a range of 1/r^{2} (see Figure 2).

Although there is a tremendous magnitude difference in force between, for example, the Planck force ground state (*F*_{ℓ}) at 10^{45} Newtons and the Newtonian gravitational interaction at ~10^{-32} Newtons, the disparity in the strength of the forces, even though they emerge from the same ground state Planck force, can be understood via the precipitous (geometric) reduction in energy and hence pressure gradient density that occurs over a relatively short distance (a distance of ~20 times the proton charge radius r_{p}). Such that the fundamental forces of the color force, the residual strong force, and Newtonian gravity all emerge from a ground state Planck force energy gradient as it crosses the first screening horizon of the Compton radius and the second screening horizon of the proton charge radius (Figure 2), generating a Yukawa-type reduction in force, ending in a force equivalent to that measured for the Newtonian gravitational interaction, which from there on reduces at the typical square-of-the-distance.

**Figure 2***. **( 2a)The color confinement force, residual strong force and Newtonian gravitational force derive from a Yukawa-type self-gravitating energy potential at the hadronic scale, depicted graphically in the upper diagram with the blue curve that reduces in force geometrically with increasing distance and (2b) corresponding schematic depicting the physical mechanism of Planck plasma flow generating a pressure gradient at screening horizons. The Planck plasma flow is screened at two semi-permeable membranes: the proton Compton horizon (η_{λ}) and proton charge surface area (η_{64}); resulting in the Yukawa-type reduction from a Planck force ground state (F_{ℓ}). Between the Compton horizon and the proton charge surface area the pressure density is equivalent to the measured value of the color confinement force. From the second screening horizon at the proton charge surface area to 2.6 times the proton charge radius the pressure density gradient is equivalent to the value measured for the residual strong force. At approximately 20 times the proton charge radius, the ground state Planck force pressure strength, after two screenings, has reduced to the value typically measured for Newtonian gravity. Therefore, the fundamental forces are shown to emerge from a singular unified mechanism of electromagnetic quantum vacuum energy density (Planck plasma) comprised of quantized fundamental spacetime pixels at the Planck scale (PSU pixel and 64-kernel pixel) generating a pressure density gradient across two screening horizons.*

To understand this condition, in which there is a significant energy density, fluid dynamic flow, and pressure gradient—as well as the mechanism of screening—a real-world example may be useful here. We can consider a tornado, in which there is a significant pressure and energy gradient that generates a localized condition where within the flow and spin of the tornado there is a relatively high energy state (strong enough to knock down trees and lift cars) yet, at a relatively short distance away from such a maelstrom, there might be little more than a strong breeze. This exemplifies how nature produces a localized energy gradient that is quite strong, but because of screening (the boundary between the tornado’s high pressure spin and normal atmospheric pressure) there is a Yukawa-like reduction in force.

The pressure forces from the resulting energy gradient of the screening mechanisms follow a Yukawa-type self-gravitating energy potential at the hadronic scale (Figure 3) and are found to be a very good fit to all the measured values of the color force and residual strong force typically associated to quark-antiquark confinement. As such, Haramein and his research team at the International Space Federation (the ISF research team) have unified all confining forces with the gravitational force emerging from the curvature of spacetime induced by quantum electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations.

**Figure 3**. Equation from The Origin of Mass and the Nature of Gravity (on the preprint version, equation 3.13) depicting the unifying Yukawa-type self-gravitating energy potential at the hadronic scale φ_{g} as a superposition of the Newtonian gravitational potential yielding the gravitational force between two proton rest masses, the color force interaction potential, and the term φ_{g}^{(1)}, which corresponds to the first screening of the ground state Planck force and is a source term for energy flux per surface unit equivalent to the proton black hole energy radiated from the proton Compton horizon area, a Hawking-like radiation resulting in the proton rest mass-energy.

## The Origin of Mass

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```Why does the proton matter? Because the proton is matter.

Nassim Haramein

A crucially important aspect of a Unified Field Theory is the unification of Quantum Mechanics with General Relativity, the “twin pillars” upon which the Standard Model and Standard Cosmology of contemporary physics are built. The key to the unification of these two seemingly disparate fields is the quantum vacuum, resulting in a unified field theory. By using correlation functions, Haramein and his team discovered that coherent modes of mass-energy fluctuations of the quantum electromagnetic vacuum at the characteristic time of the proton produce exactly the observed rest-mass of the proton, demonstrating that the rest mass-energy of the proton (the rest-mass refers to when there is no contribution of kinetic energy to the mass) is the result of coherent constructive modes of quantum vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field. The groundwork for a unified field theory is then established as the ISF research team was able to describe the structure of quantum spacetime as vacuum fluctuations and extrapolate this structure to the surface dynamics of the proton to define a screening mechanism of the vacuum fluctuations’ energy density.

The screening mechanisms are similar to that of the standard theory of quantum electrodynamics (QED) in which quantum vacuum fluctuations shield the infinite bare mass of an elementary particle, but whereas in the QED approach the bare mass is undefined (essentially a free parameter, the source of which is not explained) and in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) the vacuum fluctuations generate an *anti-screening *mechanism, in the ISF research team’s approach the quantum vacuum fluctuations of the electromagnetic field are *the source* of the baryonic mass of the proton, (the source energy is fully identified and mathematically delineated). In the high coherence core region, the mass-energy of constructively correlated vacuum fluctuations is sufficient to curve spacetime into a mini black hole at the Compton radius of the proton. At the black hole Compton radius surface horizon there is a corresponding Hawking radiation. Remarkably, the mass-energy value of the Hawking radiation from the core proton black hole structure dissipating from the Compton radius surface horizon (the first semi-permeable screening membrane) to the proton charge radius surface (the second semi-permeable screening membrane) is found to exactly equal the rest-mass energy of the proton (Figure 3).

**Figure 4***. The Hawking radiation of a proton**. The equation reveals how the mass-energy (ε) of the Hawking temperature (T _{λ}) of the proton core black hole (beyond the proton Compton radius λ_{p}) on the proton charge radius (r_{p}) surface (A_{p}) with quantum vacuum fluctuations over the characteristic time τ_{p} is equivalent to the proton rest mass energy (m_{p})—following the well-known equivalency of E = mc^{2}.*

Foster Gamble concludes with the insight that ultimately what will matter is if the model aligns more accurately with the nature of reality than previous attempts, because then sentiments and establishment are irrelevant as *the science speaks for itself*. Indeed, there are cutting-edge research results that have already experimentally verified crucially significant aspects of the unified quantum gravity solutions of the paper. We have reported on these results in our ISF articles Quantum Black Holes: First Detection of Stimulated Hawking Radiation, and Unruh-Hawking Radiation Observed in Accelerating Electrons. In the former, analysis of gravitational wave data by a team of astrophysicist have tentatively detected the first stimulated hawking radiation from what they call “quantum black holes” and in the latter recent laboratory experiments have observed and characterized Unruh-Hawking radiation at the particle level. These studies and experimental results offer verification of the phenomenon of Unruh-Hawking radiation (a quantum field effect in strong gravity / curved spacetime, a kind of field-unification in-and-of-itself) and corroboration of the predicted role of Hawking radiation at the particle level that was discovered by Haramein, Guermonprez, and Alirol, in which Hawking radiation is a primary mechanism by which quantum vacuum energy density results in the rest-mass of particles like the proton.

To fully demonstrate the unification that has been achieved, the ISF research team applied their solution of the screening mechanism from the particle (quantum) scale to the cosmological (general relativistic) scale and demonstrated how when the quantum vacuum energy density screening mechanism is computed at the scale of the observable universe, they are able to output the exact critical energy density typically given for the total mass-energy of the universe, with no requirement of undefined dark energy or dark matter! The remarkable nature of this discovery cannot be overstated: by utilizing the same mechanism applied at the hadronic scale for the proton; when the ZPE energy density (ρ_{vac}) is screened with the Hubble horizon (a surface defined by the Hubble radius of the observable universe) outputs the exact critical density of the universe, which includes dark matter and dark energy. Considering that the same mechanism applies at the hadronic scale of the atom and the universal scale, it is not hyperbole to posit that this remarkable solution provides considerable progress in establishing the foundation from which a solution to the Unified Field Theory will be realized.

Consider the remarkable implications of this quantum-to-cosmological scaling, connecting the proton internal structure to the Universe. In their analysis, Haramein and the ISF research team found that the electromagnetic quantum vacuum energy density contained in the volume of a proton (ZPE) at the Compton proton radius (m_{p}^{vac}) is equivalent to the universe information-energy (M_{u}):

So, we see with mathematical precision the holofractographic organization of information-energy in the universe; as the quantum vacuum energy or information ρ_{vac} within a Compton proton volume is equivalent to the information or critical density ρ_{crit} in the universe. This represents a direct conceptual holographic model of the information-energy both relating the quantum scale to the cosmological scale through vacuum fluctuations with very specific scaling factors and defining an entanglement state of black hole hubs connected by a wormhole network as in Einstein-Rosen bridges equal Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement (ER = EPR) (Figure 5b)—a quantum gravitational formulation that relates wormholes to quantum entanglement.

**Figure 5.** (a) Screening mechanism at the universe scale connecting the surface-information of the universe (η_{u}) to the surface-information of each proton η_{p}. (b) Relationship between the vacuum internal energy-information structure of a proton size entity to all the protons in the universe.

In a connection that should astound even the most ardent skeptic, while the volume of a proton has an information-energy density equivalent in terms of vacuum fluctuations to the extant mass-energy of the universe, the ISF research team discovered as well that the surface information of all protons (N_{p}η_{p}) is equivalent to the surface information of the Hubble surface horizon of the observable universe η_{u} pixelixed by the kernel-64 such that:

So, the pixelization surfaces of the proton are equivalent to the screening of the quantum vacuum fluctuations resulting in the mass-energy density of the universe (Figure 5a). Therefore, the local holographic screening of a system has non-local relationships to other scales—a fractal-like structure—revealing a holographic and fractal organizational system, a holofractographic architecture. This fractal-like structure of the proton vacuum internal energy-information structure connecting to all other protons in the universe via ER = EPR micro-wormholes, in which information transfer generates gradients across scales producing pressures or forces that we experience and measure both at the quantum and cosmological level, is the fundamental basis of a unified field theory that implies what we have coined in a previous paper the unified spacememory network.

Although these results are extremely exciting and point the way to a revolution in the foundation of physics in terms of understanding a deep source of measured values such as mass and forces, Nassim and the ISF research team caution that there is still much work to be done before a fully developed ultimate Unified Field Theory is realized. As such, Haramein, Guermonprez, and Alirol are hard at work on a second and third paper that will follow *The Origin of Mass and the Nature of Gravity *and will detail such things as gravitoelectromagnetism, further detailing the fluid dynamics and the role of circulation and spin in generating mass and unification of the fundamental forces, and the unification of all physical constants of nature. The groundwork has been established, many of the formalisms for these following papers have been solved, and we see a clear path to the unification of physics, a Unified Field Theory, and a theory of everything that may include an analytical solution to the event of consciousness.